The expansion of wireless internet connectivity has given birth to the possibility of interconnecting many other devices except computers or mobile phones. There are gadgets, such as – Air Conditioners, light bulbs, washing machines and even coffeemakers, which are now able to be connected via Wi-Fi.
If you have a Nest Learning Thermostat, Amazon Echo or a Ring video doorbell, then you are using an IoT. For many years this concept has been around, but not recognized as IoT. IoT stands for ‘Internet of Things’.
Internet of Things is a phenomenon of connecting the physical devices by making use of software, electronics and sensors with the purpose of data sharing. IoT is a comprehensive term that as a whole identifies previously disconnected devices as connected devices by making use of internet. It supports the idea that devices which can be connected, should be connected. In simple words, Internet of Things is a system, built when day to day products or objects are connected to internet. Normally these connected appliances are phones, computers, sensors or gadgets.
If a system is IoT-enabled, that means it:
Just like internet has connected us through World Wide Web and improved the quality and speed of work and communication, similarly, IoT has taken this connectivity to the next level by connecting various gadgets to the internet and establishing human-machine and machine-machine interaction.
Looking at its utilities, the brilliant minds have identified the business implications of IoT in several areas including Automotive, Home Automation, Healthcare, Retail, Factory Line Automation and many more.
To understand the working of an IoT, let us understand its building blocks and their roles:
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